Determining skin type: differences, characteristics and proper care

Skin care

Determining skin type: differences, characteristics and proper care

September 30, 2022

Have you been looking for the right care for your skin for a long time - but don't even know your skin type? Then you've come to the right place on our blog. We at Sanft & Schön will be happy to give you a hand in the jungle of different skin types and product descriptions and help you with practical tips to competently pursue your own individual skin care journey in the future.

Determine skin type
Source: Olena Yakobchuk/shutterstock

Is on products the speech of ,Skin types', manufacturers basically mean the appearance and texture of your skin. Taking care of this properly is very important for your body because: With a total area of ​​two square meters The skin is your largest organ and takes on numerous vital tasks. It is not only an energy store, but also a protective shield against external influences and, through millions of receptors, helps you to perceive various stimuli such as temperatures and touch. Our skin is a vital organ that you should definitely deal with and take good care of.

What skin type am I: What does your skin type depend on?

Your skin type basically depends on the sebum production of your skin. Not only the activity of sebum production must be taken into account, but also the nature of the sebum itself. In addition, the moisture production of your skin is also assessed and to what extent your skin is able to bind it.

On the one hand, your skin type is genetically determined, but on the other hand, certain properties of your skin are also influenced by external factors and your lifestyle. Regular alcohol consumption deprives your skin cells of water, making it harder for your skin to regenerate – and aging faster. But your diet and your hormonal balance also have an influence on your skin condition. Maybe you still remember yours puberty, in which you were particularly susceptible to skin impurities thanks to hyperactive sebaceous glands. 

So the good news is: You are not completely at the mercy of your genetics and can freely follow the motto:Beautiful skin from the inside“ with the right skin care, also for Men and a healthy lifestyle contribute a lot to a more beautiful complexion - even if you struggle with skin type-specific problems.

Determine skin type
Source: Ron Lach/pexels

Why is it important to know what skin type you have?

A very good question. Determining your skin type is not just about choosing the right care products. If your skin regularly itches, dries out and becomes oily, these symptoms can get in the way of your skin's daily work as a super organ. Knowing your skin type is not only for aesthetic reasons, but also for medical reasons.  

So that in the future you don't just... Beauty trends 2022, but also your skin type, we will now introduce you to the characteristics of the different skin types - normal skin, dry skin, sensitive skin, oily skin and combination skin.

Determine skin type: #1 Normal skin

You don't actually have any problems with your skin and skin care is an uncomplicated topic for you? Then you might be one of the lucky people with normal skin.  

How to recognize normal skin:

Your skin has medium to fine pores and is neither prone to a strong oily shine nor to dry or rough patches. Skin oil (sebum) and skin moisture are predominantly in balance.  

This is what experts say about normal skin:

Congratulations! You are one of those people who enjoy an uncomplicated, radiant skin have. Normal skin is so unproblematic because its protective acid mantle is stable and external influences can therefore be easily repelled. But: To ensure that it stays that way, you need to pay attention to the right care even for normal skin.

Determine skin type: Our care tips for normal skin:

  • With normal skin, you're off the hook - and you have free choice when it comes to choosing your favorite care products. You tolerate most of the ingredients and never have to deal with allergic reactions.
  • Mild cleansers and lukewarm water are basically all your skin needs to get rid of sebum and makeup. After cleansing, it's best to apply a moisturizer of your choice - et voilà. Ready for bed!
  • Remember: After showering, your skin needs enough moisture to maintain its protective layer. 

Determine skin type: #2 Sensitive skin 

Your skin reacts negatively to new care products and you are plagued with redness? Then your skin may be very sensitive.   

How to recognize sensitive skin:

Your skin is thin, light and often slightly dry, and your top layer of skin appears flaky and turns red quickly. Redness, itching or an unpleasant feeling of tension also appear on your skin as soon as you use a new care product. All three symptoms are a clear sign that you have delicate, sensitive skin. A common reason for this type of irritation is a damaged skin barrier.  

This is what experts say about sensitive skin:

If your skin is irritated by certain care products, an allergy to the ingredients is often responsible for eczema or other skin changes such as seborrheic dermatitis or rosacea. It is best to contact your dermatologist to find out the trigger for an allergic reaction.  

Determine skin type: Our care tips for sensitive skin:

  • Make sure that your care products are dermatologically tested and of natural origin.
  • Mild ingredients such as aloe vera or panthenol help to preserve your skin's natural protective function.
  • Less is more: Sensitive skin benefits from creams that have a soothing and irritation-relieving effect. They should be free of additives and reduced to as few ingredients as possible.
  • One of our anti-aging tips : Always avoid products with fragrances and alcohol in order to keep your skin barrier's susceptibility to disruption as low as possible.

Determine skin type: #3 Dry skin 

It's not just in winter that you suffer from feelings of tension on your skin and creams are immediately absorbed by your skin? Then you probably have dry skin types.

How to recognize dry skin:

Your skin is fine-pored, rough, cracked and brittle. It is tense, flaky, itchy and in some places there are already reddened areas. The sebaceous glands that are supposed to keep your skin elastic, supple and slightly moist produce too little oil - which disrupts the regulation of your skin moisture and causes dryness wrinkles.  

This is what experts say about dry skin:

Not only age, hereditary predisposition, malnutrition, alcohol and tobacco consumption or environmental influences such as dry heating air are possible causes of your dry skin - but also various diseases such as neurodermatitis or psoriasis. But even with medications there are always side effects such as dry skin.  

Determine skin type: Our care tips for dry skin:

  • Use care that provides your skin with sufficient moisture in the long term - products with hyaluronic acid, shea butter, calendula, peanut, almond, olive or argan oil are ideal for you.
  • When cleansing your skin, be sure not to use water that is too hot to avoid further damaging and drying out your skin.
  • Be sure to drink three liters of water a day - and avoid alcohol and nicotine, which can cause additional damage to your skin.
  • Alcohol-free, moisturizing products help protect your skin from drying out.
  • Do you want to hydrate your dry skin and shrink large pores ? A good decision, because at the Aquafacial Berlin Mitte your skin will be cleansed with our HYDROcare H2O device, massaged and supplied with essential acids and vitamins to achieve a lasting, radiant complexion.

Determine skin type: #4 Oily skin

Do you think your skin is rather oily? Then the following characteristics probably sound familiar to you.  

How to recognize oily skin:

Your skin has large pores, shines and is visually noticeable through an oil film that is caused by excessive sebum production. The thickness and density of your skin are generally very good, it is robust and insensitive - and therefore tends to develop wrinkles or lose elasticity very late.

This is what experts say about oily skin:

Compared to normal or dry skin, this skin type has an overproduction of sebum and a keratinization disorder of the sebaceous glands. Because the sebum can no longer drain properly, blackheads appear. At the same time, the mixture of dead skin cells and sebum is the optimal breeding ground for bacteria. This can lead to inflammatory reactions in your skin, which lead to redness and pimples.  

Determine skin type: Our care tips for oily skin:

  • Facial cleansing is the be-all and end-all for you: Wash your face morning and evening with a mild facial cleanser and then dry it with a fresh towel. Since towels encourage bacterial growth, you should change your towel every two to three days.
  • Peelings and facial masks are recommended twice a week to deeply cleanse your pores and remove dead skin cells.
  • Special cosmetics for oily skin will help you improve your skin's protective layer. Since the pH value of your skin is around 5.5, the care products should also have this value.
  • When choosing your care products, you can use various tinctures, creams and gels for the day and night, as long as you make sure that the products do not contain any fat.
  • For radiant, fresh and even skin without acne pimples and painful inflammation, we recommend our Sanft & Schön Acne treatment Berlin . Thanks to professional cleansing, our beauticians will help you achieve an even complexion with a lasting effect.

Skin type 5: Combination skin

Your skin is tight in some areas and yet you still fight against oily shine every day? Then you probably belong to the combination skin category.   

How to recognize combination skin:

You don't identify with any of the skin types presented so far - because although your cheeks feel relatively dry, your nose, forehead and chin are oily. It is precisely this combination of dry and oily that is known in technical language as combination skin and is linked to an overproduction of sebum in the T-zone.

This is what experts say about combination skin:

Doctors distinguish two types of combination skin: Combination skin oleosa and Combination skin sicca. Is your skin part of the Combination skin oleosa Your T-zone has large pores and is visually characterized by an oily shine due to the high sebum production. Your cheeks, neck and décolleté, on the other hand, tend to have fine pores and a severe lack of moisture - and are therefore prone to premature loss of elasticity.

The Combination skin sicca On the other hand, the T-zone is dry and rather fine-pored, but still tends to produce a lot of sebum. Due to the rather fine pores, the sebum cannot 'flow away' and leads to inflammation, which results in impure skin with pimples.

Our care tips for combination skin:

  • Cleanse your face twice daily with a mild cleansing foam and warm water to remove dirt and excess oil and open pores.
  • You should always use a clarifying facial toner for your T-zone. This is how you can prevent pimples and blemishes.
  • Your make-up should be tailored specifically to your combination skin. It's best to use light, moisturizing foundations and powders for the T-zone.
  • If you have a T-zone that gets greasy very quickly, so-called 'Oil-Control' wipes are suitable for use on the go, as they quickly absorb the excess oil if necessary.
  • To clean your facial skin even more thoroughly, we recommend using a mild facial peeling once a week to gently remove dead skin cells.
Determine skin type
Source: reddish/shutterstock

What skin type am I: conclusion

No matter how bad your skin problem may seem at first glance, there are many ways to compensate for the weak points of your dry, sensitive or oily skin with the right care. 

Although your skin type is partly genetic, it is not set in stone like your fingerprint and can change over the course of your life due to hormonal changes or a healthier lifestyle. Now that you know your skin type, you can adapt your daily care routine accordingly and get the best out of your skin.

Would you like to have your skin type determined directly with us in Berlin with the trained eyes of experts? Then contact us via message.  

We also offer hair removal methods Waxing and the Laser hair removal, as well as two other facial treatments: This Microneedling and the Microdermabrasion in Berlin Mitte.

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