Pseudofolliculitis, often referred to as pseudofolliculitis barbae, is a skin condition that often occurs after hair removal, especially after shaving. These are inflammatory skin reactions caused by ingrown hairs. These hairs grow into the skin instead of out of it after cutting or shaving, causing redness, swelling, pain, and sometimes pustule-like lesions.


The main cause of pseudofolliculitis is hair ingrowth. This can happen if:

  • The hair is cut off sharply and grows back under the surface of the skin.
  • The skin over the hair follicle becomes calloused and prevents the hair from growing normally.
  • Kinky or curly hair has a higher tendency to grow in because its natural growth direction is already inclined towards the skin.

Risk factors

  • Hair Type : People with curly or wavy hair are more prone to pseudofolliculitis because their hair is more prone to penetrating the skin.
  • Shaving technique : Improper shaving technique, such as shaving too close to the skin or against the direction of hair growth, can increase the risk of ingrown hairs.
  • Skin type : People with thicker or oilier skin may be more susceptible to pseudofolliculitis.


  • Small, red, inflamed bumps on the skin that appear after shaving .
  • Itching or pain in the affected areas.
  • pustules or cysts may

Prevention and treatment

  • Change shaving technique : Use a sharp razor, shave in the direction of hair growth and avoid tightening the skin.
  • Shaving products : Use shaving gels or foams to protect skin and soften hair.
  • Exfoliation : Regular use of exfoliators can help remove dead skin cells and reduce the risk of ingrown hairs.
  • Alternative hair removal methods : Consider using methods such as laser hair removal or electrolysis, which permanently remove hair and reduce the risk of pseudofolliculitis.
  • Topical treatments : Products containing salicylic acid or glycolic acid can help exfoliate the skin and unblock ingrown hairs.
  • Anti-inflammatory medications : In more severe cases, topical or oral anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed.

If symptoms persist or are severe, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist who can recommend specific treatments to relieve symptoms and prevent future cases of pseudofolliculitis.

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