Folliculitis is an inflammation of the Hair follicles, which can be caused by infection, chemical irritation or mechanical stimulation. It occurs when bacteria, fungi or other microorganisms invade the hair follicles, causing red, sometimes itchy or painful hair follicles Pustules or nodules on the skin. Folliculitis can occur on any part of the body that has hair, but most commonly on the face, scalp, armpits, trunk, and legs.


  • Bacterial infections : The most common cause of folliculitis is infection with Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.
  • Fungal infections : Certain types of fungi can also cause folliculitis.
  • Blocked hair follicles : Blockages caused by sweat, makeup, dirt, or wearing tight clothing can lead to folliculitis.
  • Shaving and other hair removal methods : These can cause irritation or damage to hair follicles, increasing the risk of infection.


  • Small, red, raised bumps that may appear singly or in groups
  • Itching or burning in the affected area
  • Pustules with a hair in the middle
  • Painful, sensitive skin areas


Treatment for folliculitis depends on the cause and severity of the inflammation:

  • Mild cases : Often mild cases resolve on their own without treatment. Warm compresses can help soothe the area and promote healing.
  • Topical antibiotics : For bacterial folliculitis, topical antibiotics such as mupirocin or clindamycin may be prescribed.
  • Oral antibiotics : For more severe or recurrent infections, oral antibiotics may be necessary.
  • Antifungal medications : Antifungal creams or medications may be prescribed for fungal folliculitis.
  • Skin-nourishing practices : Avoid tight-fitting clothing and choose gentle skin care products to minimize irritation.


To prevent folliculitis, the following measures can be helpful:

  • Personal hygiene : Showering regularly and using an antibacterial detergent can help reduce the risk of infection.
  • Be careful when shaving : Always use a sharp razor, shave in the direction of hair growth and apply a shaving gel to avoid skin irritation.
  • Wearing loose clothing : This can help prevent friction and sweat buildup, which can lead to follicular blockages.
  • Skin care : Avoid using oily or irritating skin care products that can clog pores.

If symptoms persist or are severe, it is important to consult a dermatologist for appropriate treatment and advice.

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