Iron is an essential mineral that plays an important role in many body functions, including hair health. It helps produce hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to cells throughout the body, including the Hair follicles. Adequate iron supply is crucial for cell growth and DNA synthesis, including cells involved in hair growth.

Iron deficiency and hair loss

Iron deficiency is one of the most common causes of hair loss, especially in women. Without adequate iron supply, the body cannot produce enough hemoglobin in red blood cells, leading to a condition called anemia. This can affect the oxygen and nutrient supply to the hair follicles and lead to reduced hair growth and increased hair loss.

In addition to hair loss, symptoms of iron deficiency can include fatigue, paleness, shortness of breath and brittle nails. Particularly affected are women of childbearing age due to menstrual blood loss, pregnant women, people with diets low in iron, and those with conditions that impair iron absorption.

Sources of iron

To prevent or correct iron deficiency, it is important to include iron-rich foods in your diet or, if necessary, take iron in the form of dietary supplements. Iron comes in two forms: heme iron and non-heme iron.

  • Heme iron is found in animal products and is more easily absorbed by the body. Good sources include red meat, poultry, fish and seafood.
  • Non-heme iron is found in plant foods. Good sources include lentils, beans, tofu, cooked green leaves, nuts and seeds, and iron-fortified grain products. The absorption of non-heme iron can be improved by simultaneously consuming foods rich in vitamin C.

Recommendations and precautions

It is important not to take high doses of iron supplements on your own, as iron overdose can be toxic and lead to serious health problems, including liver damage and heart problems. Taking iron supplements should always be done under medical supervision, especially if iron deficiency has been confirmed by blood tests.

If you notice symptoms of iron deficiency or have concerns about your hair health, it is advisable to see a doctor. A specialist can carry out a comprehensive assessment and, if necessary, recommend appropriate treatment to normalize iron levels and support hair health.

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