B vitamins

B-Vitamins are a group of water-soluble vitamins that play an important role in cellular metabolism. They are crucial for converting food into energy, forming red blood cells, maintaining the health of the nervous system, and maintaining the skin and other parts of the body. There are a total of eight B vitamins that are often found together in foods and are called the B complex. Here are the individual B vitamins and their specific functions:

1. B1 (Thiamine)

Thiamine plays an essential role in energy metabolism and is necessary for the conversion of glucose into energy. It also supports nerve function.

2. B2 (riboflavin)

Riboflavin is important for energy production and helps break down fats, drugs and medications in the liver. It also plays a role in regenerating antioxidants in the body.

3. B3 (niacin)

Niacin supports metabolism and is important for DNA repair, the production of sex and stress hormones and the reduction of cholesterol.

4. B5 (pantothenic acid)

Pantothenic acid is involved in the synthesis and breakdown of fatty acids and is necessary for the formation of coenzyme A, a key molecule in the production of energy from food.

5. B6 (pyridoxine)

Pyridoxine is important for processing amino acids, the building blocks of the Proteins and some Hormones. It is also involved in the formation of red blood cells and the functioning of the nervous system.

6. B7 (biotin)

Biotin is often associated with hair, skin and nail health. It is essential for the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates.

7. B9 (folate)

Folate is crucial for cell division, the formation of DNA and RNA, and plays an important role in early pregnancy in preventing birth defects of the brain and spine.

8. B12 (cobalamin)

B12 is necessary for the formation of red blood cells, nervous system function and DNA synthesis. A deficiency of B12 can lead to anemia and neurological disorders.

Sources of B vitamins

B vitamins are found in a variety of foods. Good sources include meat, poultry, fish, dairy, eggs, whole grains, legumes, seeds, nuts, dark green leafy vegetables and fortified foods. Since B vitamins are water-soluble and the body does not store them, it is important to consume them regularly through food.

A balanced diet usually covers the need for B vitamins. However, supplementation may be necessary at certain stages of life or with certain diets (such as vegetarianism or veganism). Before taking any supplements, you should discuss with a healthcare provider to determine individual needs.

Similar terms

icon-angle icon-bars icon-times
German WordPress cookie plugin from Real Cookie Banner