hair root

The hair root is the part of the hair that is located under the skin and in the Hair follicles is embedded. It is responsible for the growth of hair and consists of several key components that work together to nourish and regenerate the hair. The hair root includes the lower part of the hair, including the bulb ( Hair bulb), where the hair cells are produced, and the papilla, which contains blood vessels that deliver nutrients and oxygen for hair growth.

Components of the hair root

  • Hair follicle : A pocket-shaped structure in the dermis (the second layer of skin) that surrounds and supports hair shaft The follicle is the “living” part of the hair.
  • Hair bulb : The base of the hair root, located at the bottom of the follicle. It has an onion-like shape and houses the matrix cells that divide and enable hair growth.
  • Hair Matrix : A region within the bulb that contains the cells that rapidly divide and differentiate to form the new hair shaft. These cells also produce melanin , the pigment that gives hair its color.
  • Hair papilla : Contains capillaries and blood vessels that supply the matrix with the necessary nutrients to promote hair growth.

Functions of the hair root

  • Hair growth : The hair root is the place where new hair is formed through the activity of the matrix cells in the bulb.
  • Nutrition : The papilla provides nutrients and oxygen necessary for the growth and maintenance of hair.
  • Pigmentation : Melanocytes in the hair matrix produce melanin, which gives hair its color.

Hair root health and care

Hair root health is crucial to growing strong, healthy hair. Factors such as nutrition, hydration, stress management and avoiding harmful chemical or mechanical treatments can influence hair root health. A balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals supports the function of the hair root and promotes healthy hair growth.

Common problems

Various conditions can affect the hair root, including genetic hair loss (androgenetic Alopecia), telogens Effluvium (temporary hair loss after stress or illness), as well as diseases such as Alopecia areata (circular hair loss) and infections of the hair follicle (Folliculitis).

To maintain the hair root and the general condition of the hair, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle and choose products and treatments that do not damage the hair and scalp.

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